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peasants, chiefs and kings: a model of the development - CiteSeer

was initially the result of changes in economic practices, ideology and population ... ultimately the establishment of the Mutapa state. ..... mechanisms of a system come into play to maintain the basic position. ..... shows the mining activities.

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Mutsiwemvura: May 2007

May 31, 2007 ... The economic power of the Rozwi Empire was based on cattle wealth and farming with significant gold mining continued. ... The Mwenes or Monomatapa of the first Mutapa state: ...... It is for this reason why totemism is the basis of praise poetry in Shona culture rather than the attributes of an individual as in...

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Early Portuguese imperialism: Using the Jesuits in the Mutapa ...

states that the Mutapa state was founded by Nyatsimbe. Mutota who ... for the rulers from the profits obtained from gold mining. .... maize, butter and eggs on a regular basis further .... assault and even economic exploitation as a direct result.

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Kingdom of Mutapa | Great Discoveries in Archaeology

Apr 24, 2013 ... The Kingdom of Mutapa is one that is not often heard of. ... Like Great Zimbabwe the Kingdom of Mutapa traded gold, ivory, and mined iron. The Kingdom of Mutapa was able to rely on trading posts to help their economy and...

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History of Zimbabwe

The economy was the cornerstone of the Rozvi State's survival. ... Gold mining and game hunting were however low key activities. .... Ndebele-Shona Uprisings of 1896, termed the First Chimurenga, formed the basis of later mass nationalism.

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The Rozvi State - Free ZIMSEC Revision Notes and Past Exam Papers

Apr 9, 2015 ... Reasons for the rise of the Rozvi State ... The Rozvi Economy. Tribute ... The chief would reward the miner surrendering the minerals to him.

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A Political History of Munhumutapa: A Book by Dr. Stan Mudenge

Mar 16, 2011 ... ... structures of the state, its economic base and the court institutions. ... gives two different processes of the foundation of the Mutapa state.

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LUSHANDUKO - THE REBIRTH OF BUKALANGA: The Relationship ...

Feb 15, 2013 ... The Mutapa State which was in the area that is now .... on the basis of Karanga and Zezuru, while for vocabulary purposes words from .... Italics mine). .... to impact on the political economy of the country, distorted as they are!

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Cognitive Archaeology and Imaginary History at Great ... - jstor

ferred to a stone capital being built in the Mutapa state ... da Silva was informed that the Changamire was occu- into six broad categories—environmental, economic, .... base of the hill was an open space that was probably a ...... mission has to be asked for mining to take place at all. seating of the populace on the ground...

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A crisis with an origin: proposing a framework for local and ...

Aug 21, 2009 ... There were a number of kingdoms that made up a post-Mutapa State (Pikirayi, 1993). ... gold and copper mines to make rudimentary tools, and use the gold to facilitate ... Apartheid is an Afrikaans word which means separate economic .... on the basis of giving the majority population a fair share of power.

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Gendered Powers, a 'Puppet' - [email protected]

architects of Great Zimbabwe, the capital of a growing state, colonizing their cousins of the ... nation into two states, Mutapa (Monomotapa) and Khami (Torwa, Toroa, ... economic risk for a king transacting a brideprice or 'rovora' exchange. .... This suggests, although more thorough research is needed, that while the basic.

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fulltext - DiVA Portal

In the Zimbabwean past, farming societies utilized mineral resources for their own use ... political and economic systems became increasingly complex. ... society to broaden its resource base, to improve the benefits to s and to ..... wrought from a solid state into tools, weapons and ..... Khami and Mutapa states.

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Pre-colonial mining in southern Africa - saimm

The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy ... social, economic, and technological effects on human life in ... which only required basic equipment and a relatively minimal ...... Archaeological Identity of the Mutapa State.

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Chapter 15 - Community Unit School District 200

found different ways to organize themselves to meet their political, economic, and social needs. ..... state, overran Kangaba in the early 1200s, he wanted to ... addition, the gold trade that had been the basis of Mali's wealth shifted eastward as new goldfields were ..... The Mutapa Empire was able to mine gold deposited in.

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Maramuca: an exercise in the combined use of Portuguese records ...

Feb 21, 2014 ... Symbolic of the power and prestige of the theocentric Rozvi State was the massive ... the Vakaranga were certainly in contact – political, social or economic. .... and substantial mining concessions were to be granted the Portuguese, ... terror and threatened the very basis of Portuguese existence in the area.

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Botswana History Page 1: Brief History of Botswana

Sep 19, 2000 ... This new prosperity has been based on the mining of diamonds and other .... The Butua state passed from the control of Chibundule (Torwa) rulers to Rozvi invaders from .... After long resistance to constitutional advance before economic ... for mining development and basic social services for its population.

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history 9155 - Primary and Secondary Education

some of which have social, political, economic and cultural relevance to the country. ... should be able to utilise the subject as a basis for action in determining their future .... to new market pressures; African experience in the new mines and cities. .... settlement in the Lower Zambezi and decline of the Mutapa State (1680-.

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Newsletter 145 - SAfA

RioZim has announced plans to re-mine the Cam & Motor tribute, historically. Zimbabwe's richest gold mine ... Monomotapas had retained wide economic control over their territory. .... South Africa, Zwangendaba smashed the power base of the Rozvi in the mid-1830s, and .... State House in Sauerstown, Bulawayo. The idea...

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Source - The Zimbabwe Situation

Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Board last week underlined government's ... state institutions in a move largely seen as an attempt by President Robert Mugabe ..... in his ward using his position , thus creating a base to topple Biti as .... its mining fee expenses have gone up more than 10-fold after government

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